Roman Britain Glossary
Ager – The raised mound of a Roman road
Amphitheatre – A place where Romans went to watch animals and people fighting
Aqueduct – A system of pipes and channels which brings clean water into towns
Ballista – Catapult resembling a very large crossbow (also spelled ballistra)
Barbarian – A person who lived outside the Roman Empire, seen as having a violent nature.
Basilica – A large building where town business was carried out (like a modern Town Hall)
Cavalry – Soldiers who fight on horseback
Chariot – Cart with two wheels pulled by horses. Romans raced chariots, and Celtic warriors rode into battle on them.
Forum – Open space in the middle of a town for markets and meeting people (like a market square)
Frigidarium – Cold room in a bath-suite, normally a cold plunge pool
Gladiator – A slave trained to fight other gladiators or animals in amphitheatres.
Jupiter – The chief Roman god, equivalent to the Greek god Zeus. He was also the god of thunder and is often seen with thunderbolts in his hand.
Latin – The language spoken and written by the Romans
Legion – A military unit recruited from Roman citizens and usually around 5000 men in strength.
Londinium – The Roman name for London.
Mausoleum – A building erected to house the dead. They could often be quite substantial structures.
Mercury – The messenger of the Roman gods. He was also the god of trade.
Mosaic – A pattern made from coloured pieces of stones and pottery.
Neptune – Roman god of the sea.
Roman – A person who lives in or comes from Rome in Italy.
Slave – Someone sold to another person to work for them for free. They don’t have any rights or freedom.
Venus – Roman goddess of love and beauty
Villa – A large house in the country. Some villas were farmhouses and some were like palaces.